Nepal Rastra Bank, the central bank of Nepal, has unveiled the current macroeconomic and financial situation of Nepal based on the first four month’s data of 2021/22.
The y-o-y consumer price inflation stood at 5.32 percent in the fourth month of 2021/22 compared to 4.05 percent a year ago. Food and beverage inflation stood at 4.79 percent whereas non-food and service inflation stood at 5.73 percent in the review month.
Import and Export
During the four months of 2021/22, merchandise exports increased 104.3 percent to Rs.82.12 billion compared to an increase of 10.8 percent in the same period of the previous year. Destination-wise, exports to India, China, and other countries increased 140.2 percent, 7.3 percent, and 23.5 percent respectively. Exports of palm oil, soyabean oil, oil cakes, polyster yarn & thread, jute goods, among others, increased whereas exports of tea, cardamom, wire, zinc sheet, copper wire rod, among others, decreased in the review period.
During the four months of 2021/22, merchandise imports increased 61.6 percent to Rs.650.29 billion against a decrease of 10.6 percent a year ago. Destination-wise, imports from India, China, and other countries increased 46.1 percent, 56.9 percent, and 117.2 percent respectively. Imports of petroleum products, transport equipment, vehicle and parts, crude palm oil, crude soyabean oil, silver, among others, increased whereas imports of cement, chemical fertilizer, pulses, molasses sugar, rice/paddy, among others, decreased in the review period.
The total trade deficit increased 56.8 percent to Rs.568.17 billion during the four months of 2021/22. Such a deficit had contracted 12.5 percent in the corresponding period of the previous year. The export-import ratio increased to 12.6 percent in the review period from 10.0 percent in the corresponding period of the previous year
Services and Remittance
Net services income remained at a deficit of Rs.31.20 billion in the review period compared to a deficit of Rs.17.51 billion in the same period of the previous year.
Remittance inflows decreased 7.5 percent to Rs.312.42 billion in the review period against an increase of 11.2 percent in the same period of the previous year. In the US Dollar terms, remittance inflows decreased 7.8 percent to 2.63 billion in the review period against an increase of 6.4 percent in the same period of the previous year.
Price of Oil and Gold
The price of oil (Crude Oil Brent) in the international market increased 99.6 percent to US Dollar 82.85 per barrel in mid-November 2021 from US Dollar 41.51 per barrel a year ago. The price of gold decreased 1.7 percent to US Dollar 1859.20 per ounce in mid-November 2021 from US Dollar 1890.90 per ounce a year ago.
Nepalese currency vis-à-vis the US Dollar appreciated 0.13 percent in mid-November 2021 from mid July 2021. It had appreciated 1.09 percent in the same period of the previous year. The buying exchange rate per US Dollar stood at Rs.118.88 in mid-November 2021 compared to Rs.119.04 in mid-July 2021.
Deposits at Banks and Financial Institutions (BFIs) increased 1.3 percent in the review period compared to an increase of 5.0 percent in the corresponding period of the previous year. On y-o-y basis, deposits at BFIs expanded 17.2 percent in mid-November 2021.
Meanwhile, the private sector credit from BFIs increased 8.9 percent in the review period compared to an increase of 4.9 percent in the corresponding period of the previous year. On y-o-y basis, credit to the private sector from BFIs increased 32.2 percent in
The average base rate of commercial banks stood 7.57 percent in the fourth month of 2021/22 lower than 7.82 percent a year ago. The weighted average deposit rate and lending rate of commercial banks stood at 5.80 percent and 9.02 percent respectively in the review month. Such rates were 5.31 percent and 9.52 percent respectively a year ago.
Government Fiscal Situation
In the review period, the total expenditure of the federal government according to data of the Financial Comptroller General Office (FCGO), Ministry of Finance, stood at Rs.287.54 billion. The recurrent expenditure, capital expenditure, and financing expenditure amounted to Rs.233.51 billion, Rs.20.79 billion, and Rs.33.24 billion respectively in the review period.
Meanwhile, revenue mobilization (including the amount to be transferred to provincial and local governments) stood at Rs.334.31 billion. The tax revenue and non-tax revenue amounted to Rs. 305.40 billion and Rs.28.91 billion respectively in the review period.
The total resource mobilization of provincial governments remained at Rs.42.08 billion. The federal government transferred Rs.26.02 billion as grants and revenue from federal divisible funds to provincial governments and the provincial governments mobilized Rs.16.06 billion in terms of revenue and other receipts in the review period. In the review period, the total expenditure of provincial governments stood at Rs.19.65 billion.